One of the biggest challenges the world has been left to grapple with in the wake of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is what’s being referred to as “long COVID.”
That is, new, ongoing, or returning symptoms of COVID-19 — or other forms of illness — that persist beyond four weeks of contracting the illness.
This condition, also known as a “long hauler” or post-acute COVID-19 syndrome, may be identified by certain physical and mental symptoms.
According to the United Kingdom’s ME Association, one of those symptoms may be a reduced tolerance for alcohol, or symptoms of alcohol intolerance.
Post-Acute COVID And Alcohol Intolerance
Many people have shared anecdotal accounts of experiencing a reduced tolerance for alcohol after contracting the COVID-19 infection.
For instance, some symptoms reported by self-described “long-haulers” include:
- reduced tolerance for alcohol
- feeling sick after just a few sips of alcohol
- poor mental health for days after drinking alcohol
- increased anxiety after drinking alcoholic beverages
- signs of an alcohol allergy (rash, redness)
- signs of alcohol intolerance (e.g. warm flushing, severe hangover symptoms)
- worsened symptoms of long COVID-19
Does COVID-19 Reduce Alcohol Tolerance?
At this point in time, it is unclear whether the virus itself reduces your tolerance for alcohol. It’s possible for other factors to come into play.
Factors that might affect your alcohol tolerance after COVID-19:
- reducing/stopping your alcohol use while sick
- drinking less often/not at all
- other physical or mental health conditions
- lingering symptoms of COVID-19 (e.g. chronic fatigue)
Research shows that many people during the pandemic either notably increased their alcohol intake during COVID-19, or did the opposite: embraced sobriety.
Nearly 25 percent of Americans said they’d used alcohol to help manage pandemic-related stress, according to a survey released by the American Psychological Association in 2021.
At the same time, many adults have also reported deciding to go dry, or eliminating alcohol completely — opting instead of non-alcoholic alternatives, such as non-alcoholic seltzer, or faux beer.
Does COVID-19 Cause Alcohol Intolerance?
Alcohol intolerance is a genetic, metabolic condition.
With research still being conducted on the long-term effects of COVID-19, and post-acute COVID-19, it’s unclear whether the virus can cause alcohol intolerance.
What Is Alcohol Intolerance?
Alcohol intolerance, as it’s conventionally understood, is a genetic mutation that affects your body’s ability to convert acetaldehyde to acetic acid.
Acetaldehyde is a toxic substance that comes from ethanol, which is in alcohol. When you drink, enzymes in your body will convert that ethanol into acetaldehyde.
From there, an enzyme known as aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 will help convert that toxic chemical compound into acetic acid, which is non-toxic.
Alcohol intolerance, however, is associated with inactive or less active ALDH2 — thereby thwarting that process of conversion.
Signs and symptoms of alcohol intolerance can include:
- warm flushing (e.g. facial redness)
- runny or stuffy nose
- nausea or vomiting
- hypotension (low blood pressure)
- severe hangover symptoms
- rapid heart rate or palpitations
- worsened asthma
Alcohol Abuse And COVID-19
Alcohol abuse has for many become a growing problem over the course of the COVID-19 pandemic and the lockdown early on.
Increased loneliness, isolation, stress, and other common risk factors for alcohol abuse have led some to heavy drinking as a form of self-medication.
Rates of relapse among those in recovery from alcohol use disorder have also reportedly increased – due to similar risk factors, as well as challenges accessing treatment.
Changes in drinking behavior, either drinking more or less than usual, can affect your alcohol tolerance, as well as the impact of alcohol on your life.
Alcohol abuse has been associated with:
- risk of certain cancers
- liver damage/disease
- alcohol dependence and addiction
- poor mental health (e.g. anxiety, depression)
- difficulties at work, school, and in relationships
- weakened immune system response
- learning and memory problems
Getting Help For Alcohol Abuse And Addiction During COVID-19
Early on in the pandemic, many people with mental health and substance use disorders were either cut off from treatment, or faced barriers to health care.
Access to ongoing support in early to mid addiction recovery can be crucial in order to prevent relapse, especially during times of high stress and crisis.
For people who didn’t have prior issues with alcohol, the same issues also emerged: difficulties finding or accessing professional treatment.
Now, it’s becoming easier for some people to find treatment services, although unrelated barriers — such as cost barriers — may still persist.
Treatment for alcohol abuse will often involve:
- alcohol detoxification (detox)
- behavioral therapy
- substance use counseling
- group therapy and support groups
- mental health treatment (or dual diagnosis)
- relapse prevention planning
Alcohol abuse treatment may be best delivered through an inpatient, residential, or outpatient rehab program, depending on the severity of the problem and other personal factors.
Find Alcohol Abuse Treatment With Long COVID Today
At AddictionResource.net, our mission is to help people with addiction find the treatment they need to overcome addiction once and for all.
If you or a loved one with post-acute COVID-19 is facing a drinking problem, call our helpline to find the best available treatment options today.
Published on March 9, 2022
Addiction Resource aims to provide only the most current, accurate information in regards to addiction and addiction treatment, which means we only reference the most credible sources available.
These include peer-reviewed journals, government entities and academic institutions, and leaders in addiction healthcare and advocacy. Learn more about how we safeguard our content by viewing our editorial policy.
- American Psychological Association (APA) — One year on: Unhealthy weight gains, increased drinking reported by Americans coping with pandemic stress
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Alcohol Use And Your Health
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) — Post-COVID Conditions
- Cleveland Clinic — Alcohol Intolerance: Symptoms, Tests & Alcohol Allergy
- The ME Association — Post COVID-19 Fatigue, Post/Long COVID-19 Syndromes and Post COVID-19 ME/CFS