The lethal dose of gabapentin has not been determined.
In an FDA study, no lethal dose was found in mice and rats receiving doses as high as 8,000 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg).
A regular dose of gabapentin for children aged three to 11 years is up to 50 mg/kg per day. In those ages 12 years and above, it’s 300 mg to 600 mg three times a day.
Determining The Toxicity Of Gabapentin
Gabapentin, known by the brand name Neurontin, belongs to a class of medications called anticonvulsants, which serve to calm hyperactivity in the brain.
It’s most often used to control seizures in those who have epilepsy, but it has a range of uses, such as treating patients with chronic kidney disease and pain caused by shingles.
The medication is generally non-toxic and safe to use at high doses.
However, a 2010 study found that notable gabapentin toxicity was found in chronic kidney disease patients. Researchers suggest that this is an under-recognized area of study.
How Likely Is A Gabapentin Overdose?
It is difficult to overdose on gabapentin and highly unlikely to die from taking an excess of gabapentin.
There are only two known deaths from gabapentin toxicity.
In one case, a 62-year-old woman intentionally ingested an excess of gabapentin. The other known death was a 47-year-old woman who took 26 tablets of 600 milligrams (mg) gabapentin.
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Recognizing The Signs Of A Gabapentin Overdose
There have been reports of serious negative effects of gabapentin even when taken at the correct dosage.
Acute oral overdose of up to 49 grams has been reported.
Be aware of the following signs of overdose if you or a loved one take this medication:
- double vision
- slurred speech
- muscle weakness
Get Help For An Addiction To Gabapentin
Gabapentin is an addictive drug, even if taken as prescribed by a medical professional. If you are worried about gabapentin addiction in yourself or a loved one, help is available now.
Call our helpline and learn about addiction treatment programs that work. We’ll connect you to a recovery program that fits your needs so you can start the road to recovery as soon as possible.
Addiction Resource aims to provide only the most current, accurate information in regards to addiction and addiction treatment, which means we only reference the most credible sources available.
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- U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) — NEURONTIN (gabapentin)
- U.S. National Library of Medicine: MedlinePlus — Gabapentin
- U.S. National Library of Medicine: PubMed — Gabapentin toxicity in patients with chronic kidney disease: a preventable cause of morbidity
- U.S. National Library of Medicine: PubMed — Suicide by gabapentin overdose
- ResearchGate — An acute gabapentin fatality: a case report with postmortem concentrations