Subutex (buprenorphine) is a drug that is prescribed to treat heroin addiction and prescription opioid addiction. Taking it with other opioid drugs could have dangerous side effects.
Subutex is a central nervous system (CNS) depressant. It is also an opioid partial agonist. Taking it with other opioids, or opiates, could cause respiratory depression and overdose.
Dangers Of Mixing Subutex With Opiates
Subutex is not generally prescribed alongside other opiates.
Taking Subutex with other opioids could exacerbate the respiratory effects of Subutex, which are generally mild when taken alone.
Primary dangers of mixing Subutex with other opioids include:
- breathing problems
- drug relapse
Overdose is a serious and potentially deadly condition that can occur if Subutex is taken with other opiates.
Knowing common signs of overdose, and what to do if someone has overdosed, may be helpful if you or someone you know who is formerly addicted to opioids is taking Subutex.
What Are Signs Of Opioid Overdose After Mixing Opiates?
Taking Subutex with other opioids can be a sign of drug abuse or relapse. Mixing these drugs can be dangerous, largely because it can lead to an accidental drug overdose.
Signs of overdose might include:
- extreme drowsiness
- breathing problems
- low blood pressure
- cold, clammy skin
- sweating or chills
Respiratory depression, or unusual changes in breathing, can be life-threatening if not treated promptly.
If someone is having difficulty breathing, is unresponsive, or has collapsed after taking Subutex with opiates, call 911 for help.
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What To Do If Someone Has Taken Subutex With Opiates
If someone is showing signs of opiate overdose after taking Subutex with opiates, call for emergency medical assistance immediately.
Naloxone, or Narcan, is the usual treatment for opioid overdose. If you have naloxone on hand, you can administer this yourself, or wait for paramedics to arrive.
How to administer naloxone:
- with Narcan spray: stick the device all the way up the person’s nose and click the plunger.
- with injectable Narcan: draw up the vial and inject the drug into the thigh muscle.
What Opiates Can Interact With Subutex?
Opiates, or opioids, are a class of painkillers. To avoid drug interaction, it’s important to know which opioid drugs can interact with Subutex.
Potentially dangerous drug combinations include:
- Subutex and oxycodone (OxyContin, Percocet)
- Subutex and hydrocodone (Vicodin)
- Subutex and heroin
- Subutex and fentanyl
- Subutex and tramadol (Ultram)
- Subutex and morphine
- Subutex and codeine
- Subutex and oxymorphone (Opana)
- Subutex and hydromorphone (Dilaudid)
Subutex can also interact with other depressants, such as alcohol, benzodiazepines, and barbiturates.
Signs Of Substance Abuse While Taking Subutex
Although Subutex is less addictive than most other opioid drugs due to its weaker effects, it can be misused by taking higher doses, taking it more often, or mixing it with other drugs.
Signs of substance abuse while taking Subutex might include:
- taking Subutex in higher doses than prescribed
- taking it more often
- drinking excessively while taking Subutex
- mixing Subutex with other prescription or illicit drugs
- taking tablets from someone else’s prescription
- chewing, crushing, or injecting Subutex
- discontinuing other forms of treatment (e.g. therapy, counseling)
Relapse can occur on the road to recovery from opioid addiction. For some, this may involve misusing medications originally prescribed to help treat their addiction.
Relapse can be a cause for concern, but it doesn’t mean that a person’s treatment has failed or that a return to addiction is inevitable. Getting back on track after relapse is possible.
Find Treatment For Opioid Abuse And Addiction
Mixing Subutex with other drugs can be a sign of relapse. If this occurs, a higher level of care or a change in medication for opioid dependence may be recommended.
Call our helpline today for more information about addiction treatment options, or to find a treatment center that offers opioid addiction treatment near you.
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- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) — Buprenorphine
- U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) — FDA requires strong warnings for opioid analgesics, prescription opioid cough products, and benzodiazepine labeling related to serious risks and deaths from combined use
- U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) — SUBUTEX (buprenorphine sublingual tablets)