Naltrexone (Vivitrol, Revia) is a medication for alcohol and opioid use disorder. Taking naltrexone with certain substances, including alcohol, can result in serious effects.
Here, you’ll find a list of drugs that interact with naltrexone, potential effects of negative drug combinations, and how to avoid negative drug interactions.
Naltrexone Drug Interactions
Drugs that interact with one another may counteract, enhance, or otherwise alter the effects of the drugs taken.
Naltrexone is an opioid antagonist. While it is safe and effective when taken as prescribed, it should not be combined with the use of certain substances.
Here are drug combinations that should be avoided while taking naltrexone:
Opioid Drugs And Naltrexone
Opioids, also known as opiates, should be avoided while taking naltrexone.
Common opioid drugs include:
- oxycodone (OxyContin)
- hydrocodone (Vicodin)
- tramadol (Ultram)
- methadone (Methadose, Dolophine)
- oxymorphone (Opana)
- hydromorphone (Dilaudid)
Naltrexone can block the effects of opioids. However, it can’t prevent an overdose, in the event that a very high dose of one or more opioids is taken.
Naltrexone should also not be taken with opioids still in a person’s system. This can precipitate acute opioid withdrawal.
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Alcohol And Naltrexone
Naltrexone is a medication that is known to help reduce cravings for alcohol and block its euphoric effects.
Naltrexone should not be taken by people who are still drinking heavily or those who are alcohol-dependent.
Taking naltrexone in conjunction with alcohol will not:
- prevent alcohol-related physical or cognitive impairment
- prevent alcohol poisoning
- prevent negative side effects associated with heavy drinking
- prevent consequences of chronic alcohol misuse, such as liver damage
- enhance or reduce effects of alcohol (besides euphoria)
Unlike other medications for alcohol use disorder, such as disulfiram, naltrexone will not make a person violently ill if they drink. However, combining the two should be avoided.
Antidiarrheal Medications And Naltrexone
Naltrexone may interact with some antidiarrheal medications (medications for diarrhea), specifically those that contain opioids.
Antidiarrheal medications that might interact with naltrexone:
Naltrexone can reduce the effectiveness of these medications and may precipitate opioid withdrawal symptoms such as severe vomiting, anxiety, or sweating.
Cold Medicine And Naltrexone
Certain cold and cough medicines should be avoided while taking naltrexone.
Cold and cough medicines that can interact with naltrexone:
- Tylenol with codeine
- dextromethorphan (DXM)
- any opioid-containing pain relievers
Before starting naltrexone, tell your doctor if you are taking or have recently taken medicine for cough, cold, or pain. This includes the use of over-the-counter medications.
Illicit Drugs And Naltrexone
The use of illicit drugs, or street drugs, should be avoided while taking naltrexone for a drug or alcohol use disorder. This could result in adverse effects.
Common illicit drugs include:
- methamphetamine (meth)
- illicitly manufactured fentanyl
Taking opioid street drugs, such as heroin, with naltrexone can be particularly dangerous.
Naltrexone can make you not feel the effects of these drugs, which can increase the risk for accidental overdose, injury, coma, and death.
Thioridazine And Naltrexone
Thioridazine is an antipsychotic medication that can interact with naltrexone. Taken together, this combination could potentially cause sedation or excessive sleepiness.
Brand names for this drug include:
No other antipsychotic medications have a known interaction with naltrexone.
Yohimbine And Naltrexone
Yohimbine is a supplement derived from the bark of an African evergreen tree. It is sold in the form of a tablet, pill, or extract. It is commonly taken to treat erectile dysfunction (ED).
Yohimbine and naltrexone can interact. Taken together, this may cause increased anxiety, heart rate, and blood pressure.
Drug And Alcohol Addiction Medications And Naltrexone
Naltrexone is one of several medications that are FDA-approved to treat opioid and alcohol use disorder. Taking naltrexone with other MAT medications (excepting acamprosate) is not advised.
Naltrexone may interact with the following addiction medications:
- buprenorphine/naloxone (Suboxone)
Do not combine the use of naltrexone with other medication-assisted treatment (MAT) options unless you are directed to do so by a licensed MAT practitioner.
How To Prevent Negative Drug Interactions With Naltrexone
Negative drug interactions involving naltrexone can be serious.
What can help prevent a negative drug interaction:
- tell your doctor if you are taking any prescription medications, supplements, over-the-counter medications
- tell your doctor of any illicit drug use
- avoid drinking alcohol while taking naltrexone
If you or someone you know experiences adverse effects after taking naltrexone, contact your doctor right away.
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Naltrexone is a medication that can help reduce the desire to drink alcohol and prevent opioid cravings, including urges to use heroin.
If you’re looking for drug or alcohol addiction treatment for yourself or a loved one, call our helpline today to find addiction treatment options near you.
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- U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) — VIVITROL (naltrexone for extended-release injectable suspension)
- U.S. National Library of Medicine: MedlinePlus — Naltrexone
- U.S. National Library of Medicine: NCBI Bookshelf — Oral Naltrexone - Incorporating Alcohol Pharmacotherapies Into Medical Practice